Network Address Translation (NAT) is a technique used to allow multiple devices in a home or office to share a single internet connection.
When you sign up for internet service, the service includes a unique public IP address that identifies your internet connection.
However, if you have multiple devices (like computers, phones, or smart TVs) connected to your internet, each device needs its own IP address to communicate with the internet.
This is where NAT comes in. Your router assigns each device connected to it a unique private IP address. When one of those devices wants to access the internet, the router uses NAT to translate its private IP address into your public IP address, so the device can communicate with the internet.